Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. To Him belong the endowments and proper commendations. May Allah increase the honor of Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, raise his rank, and protect his nation from what he fears for it.
Thereafter it was said:
An-Nasa’iyy, Al-Hakim, Imam Ahmad, and Ibnu Jarir reported that Ibn ^Abbas narrated that the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said which means:
“God brought all the offspring of Adam from Adam’s back, in ^Arafah, and God took the oath from the people.” Then he recited verse 173, of Surah Al-‘A^raf that has the meaning, “God said, ‘Am I not your Lord?’ They took the oath saying, ‘Yes, You are our Creator.’”
God said, “Alastu bi Rabbikum (Am I not your Lord)?” Hence, it is called the Yawm Alastu (Day of Alastu). Another name for that day is “Yawmudh-Dharr.” Dharr is the small particle. God brought the offspring of Adam from Adam’s back and shaped them into very small bodies, like small particles.
When the souls join the body in this life, people forget that event. Then, after death and on the Day of Judgment, the veil is lifted. We then remember the event of making that oath. Imam ^Ali and other scholars said, “The people are sound asleep; when they die, they wake up.” After the soul is separated from the body, in death, then the person remembers the oath that he took.
On the Day of Judgment, the blasphemers will not be able to say, “O God, if you had sent us Messengers, we would have followed them”, because God did send the Messengers and Revelation to them.
The Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said that every child is born with fitrah; meaning that every child is born with the readiness to believe in God, in accordance to the oath that one took. Then, the parents of the child train him and teach him. Those taught by their parents the correct belief, grow with the correct belief; and those taught Judaism, or another false belief, adopt that. This is in general.
Even though some Prophets were born to blasphemers, they never adopted the blasphemy of their parents and were Muslims their entire life; as all of the Prophets are always Muslim. Also, some people who are not Prophets are born to blasphemous parents, but they reject their parents’ blasphemy and embrace Islam; like the Companion of Prophet Muhammad, ^Ali ibn Abi Talib, raDi Allahu ^anhu.